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Enron Linked to Corruption in Clinton White House

Energy Giant Had Deal With Suharto's Son
Sought NATO Membership for Croatia

The ongoing investigation into the failure of Enron has led directly to the corrupt Clinton administration. One such Enron deal pushed by the Clinton White House was an exclusive power plant project with the son of Indonesian dictator Suharto, Bambang Trihatmodjo.

Bambang is Suharto's second son and at one point he was worth over $3 billion. The 48-year-old Bambang also owns an $8 million penthouse in Singapore and a $12 million mansion in an exclusive neighborhood of Los Angeles, two doors down from rock star Rod Stewart.

Starting in 1994, Enron invested $25 million into a deal for the first natural gas-fired power plant in Pasuruan, East Java. According to Commerce Department documents, Enron's partner in the planned $525 million project was Bambang Trihatmodjo.


Despite the clear evidence of Suharto corruption, Ron Brown personally sought approval for the Enron electric power plant. According to a personal letter directed to the Indonesian minister for trade and industry, Brown endorsed Enron deals for two gas-fired power plants with the corrupt Suharto regime.

"Enron power, a world renowned private power developer, is in the final stages of negotiating two combined cycle, gas turbine power projects," wrote Brown in his 1995 letter.

"The first, a 500 MW plant in East Java, should begin commercial power generation by the end of 1997 if it can promptly negotiate a gas supply Memorandum of Understanding with Pertamina. The other project, a smaller plant in East Kalimantan, also awaits a gas supply agreement.

"I urge you to give full consideration to the proposals," concluded Brown to the Indonesian minister.



In October 1995, Brown wrote another letter, this time to Hartarto Sastrosurarto, Indonesia's coordinating minister for trade and industry, pressing him to conclude Enron's power plant deal.

"I would like to bring to your attention a number of projects involving American companies which seem to be stalled, including several independent power projects.

"These projects include the Tarahan power project, which involves Southern Electric; the gas powered projects in East Java and East Kalimantan, which involves Enron," wrote Brown.

"Your support for prompt resolution of the remaining issues associated with each of these projects would be most appreciated," concluded Brown.


By September 1997, Enron announced the Indonesian power deal was nearly complete. According to Enron, it had signed an agreement to acquire natural gas for its 500-megawatt power plant under development in East Java Indonesia. The 20-year supply agreement was signed with Pertamina, Indonesia's state-owned oil and gas company.

"This is one of the last critical steps before the East Java project can achieve financial close and commence construction," said Rebecca P. Mark, chairman and CEO of Enron International.

"We expect the power plant to be operational in early 2000," said Mark.






Enron and Li Ka-Shing

Although Enron's partner in East Java was Suharto's son, the gas supply contract points directly toward Beijing. The gas sold by Pertamina was to be produced under a contract with Mobil Madura Strait Inc. and Husky Oil Ltd. from the Madura field offshore of East Java in the Madura Strait.

Canadian-based Husky Oil is partly owned by Chinese billionaire Li Ka-Shing. Li is currently in business with the Chinese army and reportedly has very close links to Beijing's military intelligence.

By 1997 the Indonesian economy collapsed and Suharto was overthrown. The resulting economic mess forced Indonesia to default on its payments for the Enron power plants. These developments caused Standard & Poor's to downgrade Enron's ratings to triple "B" minus.

The Enron power project was suspended in September 1997, after the power purchase agreement had been signed and the gas contract was completed with the state-owned gas supplier Pertamina. Enron officials objected to the suspension because the final financial close on the power plant was reported to be only days away.

PLN, the state-owned Indonesian electric utility, said that the project was no longer viable because electricity demand did not justify it and the tariffs were unrealistically high.

Enron Gets World Bank Insurance Money

Despite the loss, the U.S. taxpayer, using its insurance obtained through the World Bank Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, paid off Enron.

"In June of this year, MIGA paid $15 million to Enron Java Power Co. for its investment in P.T. East Java Power Corporation in Indonesia," states the 2000 official public release from the World Bank.

"The venture was one of many suspended by the presidential decree of September 20, 1997, issued in response to the country's economic crisis," noted MIGA officials.

However, after heavy World Bank pressure, the Indonesian government agreed to pay the $15 million back to MIGA. Initially the World Bank suspended further guarantees of investments in the country until the government agreed to reimburse MIGA the amount paid to Enron.

Discussions on the payout took more than a year, and the amount represented compensation for Enron's preparatory work done on the project, which was canceled before construction began. Enron reportedly paid Suharto's son Bambang the $25 million in order to lay the groundwork for the project.

U.S. Aware That Suharto's Son Involved

According to documents obtained from the U.S. Commerce Department, the Clinton administration was keenly aware that Suharto's son was being cut in on various U.S.-backed power deals including Enron's Pasuruan gas plant. In fact, the warnings of corruption came directly from the U.S. ambassador in Jakarta.

"Java Power Company has obtained a USD 1.7 billion financing package for its 2 X 610 coal fired Paiton Swasta II power plant," states a 1996 cable from then U.S. Ambassador Barry.

"Java Power Company is 50 percent owned by Siemens Power, 35 percent Powergen PLC of the UK and 15 percent by PT Bumiperitwi Tatapradipta. The latter is a subsidiary of the Bimantara Group controlled by Bambang Trihatmodjo, President Soeharto's second son."

Bambang was not only in business with Siemens and Enron but also had an exclusive multimillion-dollar power plant deal with Duke Energy Corp., a no-cut satellite contract with Hughes Space and an Indonesian government-enforced monopoly trash contract with Waste Management. Bambang's corruption is so well known that even the U.S. Federal Reserve has published information on him.

"Shareholders of the 16 insolvent banks scheduled to be closed in December in Indonesia included several members of the former Royal family, relatives of the President, the brother of an industrialist convicted of bank fraud, and the former head of the state oil company, Pertamina, who was dismissed for unauthorized borrowing of $10 billion," noted a Federal Reserve report on bank fraud.

"Bambang Trihatmodjo, second son of Suharto, the President of Indonesia, admitted that his bank had broken the legal lending limit with loans to the Chandra Asri petrochemical plant, which he and other shareholders owned. He said 'We admit we broke the legal lending limit. ... But to be fair 90 percent of other Indonesian banks did the same.'"









Enron in China

Enron also sought to break the limits. Bambang was not the only one involved in corrupt deals with Enron. Enron international deals made through the Clinton administration include construction of gas power facilities inside communist China, directly across from Taiwan, and a failed power plant in Croatia.

Enron's donations gave it exclusive access to Clinton administration support for deals inside communist China. One such project involved the direct intervention of the U.S. government with communist China to build the Songyu power plant and Liquid Natural Gas terminal located across from Taiwan.

According to U.S. Commerce Department documents, the Clinton administration successfully sought the approval of the Beijing government for the Songyu 2,000 megawatt power plant and for the Xiamen Liquid Natural Gas terminal in Fujian province.

"Project has support of City Gov't of Xiamen," states a 1999 Commerce Department advocacy document. "Support Enron and urge Chinese to approve project."

The twin gas projects inside China were worth nearly $2 billion to Enron. To the Clinton administration, however, a factor more important than money was the number of congressional districts in Texas that were involved. According to the Commerce Department document, 18 Texas districts would be involved in the Chinese project.




Enron Seeks NATO Membership for Croatia

Enron also pushed the limits inside the former Yugoslavia. Enron executives flew to Croatia with Clinton Commerce Secretary Kantor after making a $100,000 donation to the DNC just days before the visit. As a result, Enron struck a deal with the Croatian government to build a power station and run it for 20 years at a highly inflated price of nearly $200 million above market prices.

However, tapes of the Enron negotiations with Croatian officials show the U.S. energy company had promised more than electricity at higher than normal cost. According to the Financial Times, Croatia hoped the Enron deal would secure political favors inside the Clinton administration, including a state visit to Washington and membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO).

In one reported meeting, Enron's head of international operations, Joseph Sutton, guaranteed that Enron would lobby President Clinton for Croatia's entry into the WTO, the NATO partnership for peace program and even NATO.


Stockholders and law enforcement officials should be very interested in the payments made by the energy giant to its foreign partners and White House patrons. Clearly, with promises of NATO membership, Enron felt its donations had bought top-level White House influence.

It is little wonder that Democrats are no longer anxious to follow the Enron corruption trail. Enron's documented "corruption, collusion and nepotism" started and ended with Bill Clinton. (Source: Newsmax.com, Tuesday, March 5, 2002 "Enron linked to Corruption in Clinton White House")

Enron and Bill Clinton

Trade Trips to Russia, India, Bosnia and Indonesia

I must admit to an error in my most recent article on the Enron scandal. Lovers of ex-President Bill Clinton will be overjoyed to find that Enron's top exec Ken Lay did not stay at the White House 11 times.

However, the bad news for those who still worship Mr. Clinton is that Enron not only donated $100,000 to Clinton's 1993 inauguration but, according to the records, also added an additional $25,000 to the Clinton 1993 celebrations.

The documented evidence shows that Enron did make it into the Clinton White House by special invitation. Senior Vice President Terrance H. Thorn had coffee with Bill Clinton on March 5, 1996.

Many of the other attendees of the Clinton White House coffee sessions also make up a long list of convicted criminals, arms dealers and bagmen for illegal DNC contributions.

For example, Wang Jun had coffee with Clinton in 1996. Wang is also the president of Poly Technologies, the largest arms trading firm owned by the People's Liberation Army. Poly Tech is currently banned from doing business in the United States after several of its top executives conspired to smuggle machine guns into the U.S. for sale to a major drug dealer who later turned out to be a Customs agent posing as a gangster.

Charlie "Yah Lin" Trie, who was later convicted of illegally passing hundreds of thousands of dollars to the Clinton/Gore re-election campaign, brought Wang into the White House. Trie also gave an additional $645,000 to the Democratic National Committee, and most of this money was from illegal foreign sources.

Trip to Russia

Enron's association with the Clinton White House comes even closer to home when you consider the many corporate foreign trade trips paid for by your tax dollars. In 1994, Enron's CEO Ken Lay surfaced on a list of attendees wishing to travel to Russia with Ron Brown.

One person who did make the trade trip to Russia was Roger Tamraz. Interpol then wanted Tamraz, a Lebanese oil financier, for embezzling nearly $80 million from a Middle Eastern bank. Tamraz, who made most of his money selling Libyan oil, would later give more than $300,000 to the DNC after having coffee with Bill Clinton in the White House.


Russia was not the only target of Enron wheeling-and-dealing with the Clinton administration. Enron execs traveled on a profitable trade trip to India with Ron Brown, landing a major contract for a power plant. The India power plant deal later fell apart with allegations of illegal payments and bribery.

Trip to Bosnia

Enron also traveled in 1997 to Bosnia with Commerce Secretary Kantor in hopes of landing a U.S. taxpayer-backed energy deal in the war-torn state. According to the Chicago Tribune, Enron made a $100,000 donation to the DNC just days prior to the trade mission to the former Yugoslav province. Commerce Department documents clearly note that Enron was interested in the "Zagreb" portion of the trip.

Even in the last days of Bill Clinton, Enron execs were on the go. Enron traveled to South Korea with Commerce Secretary William Daley in 1999. Daley would go on to run Vice President Al Gore's failed bid for the White House in 2000.

Trip to Indonesia

The most damning evidence linking Bill Clinton and Enron to corruption is the documentation that shows Enron received U.S. taxpayer monies in order to finance a corrupt deal with Indonesia.

P.T. East Java Power Corp., which was then 50.1 percent owned by Enron, wanted to conclude a deal for a 500 megawatt power plant in East Java, Indonesia. The 20-year deal was later signed by Enron with P.T. PLN Persero (PLN), Indonesia's state-owned electric utility, which agreed to purchase the power from the natural-gas-fired plant.

According to Enron, the natural gas for the project was to be provided by Pertamina, Indonesia's state-owned oil and gas company. Commerce Department documents noted that Pertamina stalled the project with excessive demands for gas prices.

"Enron is now engaged with Pertamina over access to natural gas. These discussions may prove difficult," states a 1994 Commerce Department advocacy document.

"Enron is registered for OPIC (Overseas Private Investment Corporation) insurance," states the document, noting that the giant corporation obtained U.S. taxpayer-backed insurance if the Indonesian deal fell apart.

Ron Brown Letters for Enron

Ron Brown personally sought approval for the Enron electric power plants inside Indonesia. According to a personal letter directed to the Indonesian Minister for Trade and Industry, Brown endorsed two Enron deals for gas-fired power plants with the corrupt Suharto regime.

"Enron power, a world renowned private power developer, is in the final stages of negotiating two combined cycle, gas turbine power projects," wrote Brown in his 1995 letter.

"The first, a 500 MW plant in East Java, should bring commercial power generation by the end of 1997 if it can promptly negotiate a gas supply Memorandum of Understanding with Pertamina. The other project, a smaller plant in East Kalimantan, also awaits a gas supply agreement.

"I urge you to give full consideration to the proposals," concluded Brown to the Indonesian minister. In October 1995, Brown wrote another letter, this time to Hartarto Sastrosurarto, Indonesia's Coordinating Minister for Trade and Industry, pressing him to conclude the Enron power plant deals.

"I would like to bring to your attention a number of projects involving American companies which seem to be stalled, including several independent power projects. These projects include the Tarahan power project, which involves Southern Electric; the gas powered projects in East Java and East Kalimantan, which involves Enron," wrote Brown.

"Your support for prompt resolution of the remaining issues associated with each of these projects would be most appreciated," concluded Brown.

On Nov. 18, 1996, Enron CEO Ken Lay announced that the deal with Suharto was complete. According to Enron's public statement, the U.S.-led energy company had finally won the East Java Power project.

Corruption, Collusion and Nepotism

Yet the Enron success was clouded by allegations that the power plant deals were filled with kickbacks for the Suharto family. In October 1998, U.S. Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy wrote a diplomatic cable that he had recently met with Indonesian Director General of Electricity Endro Utomo Notodisoerjo.

"Commenting on corruption, collusion and nepotism (KKN), Endro said that in the past there was no separation between 'power' (not electric but former first family power) and business. 'All the IPP's (Independent Power Projects) have a relation with power, and it is still going on,' added Endro."

According to State Department documents, Enron signed on to a deal filled with "corruption, collusion and nepotism." One State Department cable included an entire section titled "Dealing with unwanted partners" that detailed corruption inside the two Enron power plants at East Kalimantan and East Java.

"Unocal executives told resources officer that the firm is close to reaching a deal with its partner, PT Nusamba (controlled by former President Soeharto crony Bob Hasan) to sever ties in two production sharing contracts (PSC) in East Kalimantan and East Java," notes the State Department cable.

Eventually, the Indonesian economy collapsed and Suharto was overthrown. The resulting economic mess forced Indonesia to default on its payments for the Enron power plants. The U.S. taxpayer using its insurance, however, paid off Enron. One such policy for Enron was obtained through the World Bank Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency or MIGA.

"In June of this year, MIGA paid $15 million to Enron Java Power Co. for its investment in P.T. East Java Power Corporation in Indonesia," states the 2000 official public release from the World Bank.

"The venture was one of many suspended by the presidential decree of September 20, 1997, issued in response to the country's economic crisis," noted MIGA officials. (Source: Newsmax.com, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2002; "Enron and Bill Clinton")




Who is this person?

Of course the man in the picture above is Sen. Joseph Lieberman (D) and was Al Gore's running mate during the 2000 presidential election. Joseph Lieberman was one of the first senators to announce a probe in to the Enron debacle and the political influence as well.

What is his Enron connection?

Now Joseph Lieberman is the founder of the New Democrat Network and some of the political contributions raise some questions about Lieberman.

-Enron contributed at total of $25,000 in 2000 to the group Lieberman founded, the New Democrat Network, according to IRS records.

-Enron's biggest creditor, Citigroup, Inc. is listed as Lieberman's largest single contributor ($112,546) for the period 1997-2002 by the web site Opensecrets.org, relying on Federal Election Commission records.

-Citigroup, Inc. also made $100,000 in contributions to the New Democrat Network in 2001.

-Arthur Andersen, Enron's auditing firm, contributed $20,000 to the New Democrat Network in 2001.

Lieberman's chief of staff Michael Lewman who set up meetings between Enron and Lieberman's staff and also attempted to get Lieberman to meet with Ken Lay was also an Enron lobbyist.

Lieberman's staff met with Enron

The facts about the Lieberman staff are that Michael Lewan arranged three Enron meetings.

-One was with Joyce Rechtschaffen, staff director for Lieberman's committee. Gerstein described it as a "courtesy call" from Enron's Washington staff.

-The second was with Chuck Ludlam, the senator's economic and budget adviser, to talk about Enron's broadband business.

-The third involved David Berick, energy policy staff member for the committee, to discuss energy pricing.


Who is this person?

Michael Lewan was a long-standing member of the Clinton-Gore National Finance Council and was an active member of the Democratic Leadership Council where he served as chair of the steering committee. Lewan was also named Chairman of the Commission to Preserve America's Heritage Abroad during Clinton's term. In addition, Lewan has served as Chief of Staff to Senator Joseph Lieberman of Connecticut and as an assistant to Representative Steven Solarz of New York. Lobbyist Michael Lewan served three years as Lieberman's chief of staff and remains a political adviser.

What is his Enron connection?

According to the AP: Lewan said he worked as an Enron lobbyist from June through November, earning some $40,000.

Lewan met with the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee's energy expert, David Berick, on price gouging in California. He discussed the company's broadband business with Chuck Ludlam of Lieberman's personal staff. And he had an introductory, courtesy meeting with the committee staff director, Joyce Rechtschaffen.

According to The Hartford Courant: Lieberman was aware of Lewan's interest in Enron. Lewan, who, according to records, was paid $40,000 to lobby for the firm last year, tried to arrange a meeting between Lieberman and Lay last year.

According to Roll Call: Michael Lewan, a top Lieberman aide and political strategist, was hired by Enron as a lobbyist, earning some $40,000 between June and November of last year.

Lewan also tried to set up a meeting between Lay and Lieberman. He did manage to get 3 meetings between Lieberman's staff and Enron.

Who is this person?


White House 
Guests Database

Savage, Frank
(Alliance Capital Management)

Total contributions so far in this election cycle: $85,000
Amount Recipient Date


DNC/Non-Federal Individual, (D)



DNC Services Corp, (D)



New York Senate 2000, (D)



Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte, (D)



DNC/Non-Federal Individual, (D)



Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte, (D)



Corzine, Jon, (D)



Corzine, Jon, (D)



Bradley, Bill, (D)



Gore, Al, (D)



Gore, Al, (D)



Clinton, Hillary Rodham, (D)



Clinton, Hillary Rodham, (D)



Rangel, Charles B, (D)



Gore, Al, (D)



Kennedy, Edward M, (D)



Waters, Maxine, (D)



Enron, Bill Richardson, and $882 million dollars in Nigerian power contracts.

Between 1992 and 1999, the Democratic Party received hundreds of thousands of dollars from the Enron Corporation and its officers. Their generosity was not ignored.

To help push through energy initiatives in Africa, Clinton's Energy Secretary (and Monica Lewinsky's job counselor), Bill Richardson, visited Nigeria in August 1999.

"As a result of Secretary Richardson's visit to Nigeria in August, we have embarked on a bilateral cooperation program. The Department is developing an action plan with the Government of Nigeria, which will be coordinated with USAID. Cooperation could include: restructuring and privatization; rural electrification; deployment of clean energy and renewable energy technologies; promotion of energy efficiency; and development of an independent regulatory authority."

This initiative, coordinated by Richardson, led to $882 million dollars in power contracts for Enron from the government of Nigeria:

"Enron, an oil and gas firm in Houston, has signed a power purchase agreement to supply emergency electricity to state-owned power utility Nigerian Electric Power Authority (NEPA) through 30MW power barges located on the coast of Lagos State. Enron and its Nigerian joint venture partner signed the $82 million deal with NEPA and the power ministry in the capital Abuja. Enron and the Lagos state government entered a joint venture earlier in 1999 to build an $800 million gas-powered plant with capacity for 540 Megawatt (MW) to augment supply to the city."

Unfortunately for Enron, the Nigerian Government cancelled these contracts in April 2000. As a further reward for their generosity to the Democratic Party, Clinton Administration Special Envoy Thomas Pickering hustled off to Nigeria (on the taxpayers dime) to plead Enron's case.

"Picking who spoke at a news conference after his meeting with President Olusegun Obasanjo, said the American government has been following the fortunes of the two companies, ENRON and Babcolk $Wilcox both of which are operating in the energy sector, with keen interest.

Pickering stated that the American government was obviously convinced that the contracts awarded to the two companies which were later cancelled by the Federal Government were negotiated in good faith.

He said that he discussed the issue of the contract's cancellation with the President and hoped that the issues would receive fair and direct treatment from the government with a view of being reviewed."

The power producing barges went on line in June, 2001, providing Enron with a significant return on their investment with the DNC.


Who is this person?

From Clinton's web site: White House Counselor to the President Thomas F. (Mack) McLarty is a lifelong friend of President Clinton, serving for 18 months as his Chief of Staff, and is the former chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Arkla, Inc., one of the nation's largest natural gas companies.

What is his Enron connection?

According to the Washington Post: "In 1994, the Washington-based Export-Import Bank approved a $302 million loan to promote Enron's investment in a power plant in Dabhol, India. According to a 1997 article in Time magazine, Clinton took a personal interest in the project, deputizing his chief of staff, Thomas "Mack" McLarty III, to monitor it. McLarty later became a paid adviser to Enron."

According to Time Magazine: "For a man who had supposedly vanished from the corridors of power, MACK MCLARTY was the man to see in 1996. BILL CLINTON's former chief of staff, now a White House counselor tucked away in the basement, provided assistance to businessmen who ponied up $1.5 million for the Democrats in the last election. On Nov. 22, 1995, for example, Clinton scrawled an FYI note to McLarty, enclosing a newspaper article on Enron Corp. and the vicissitudes of its $3 billion power-plant project in India. McLarty then reached out to Enron's chairman, KEN LAY, and over the next nine months closely monitored the project with the U.S. ambassador to New Delhi, keeping Lay informed of the Administration's efforts, according to White House documents reviewed by TIME. In June 1996, four days before India granted final approval to Enron's project, Lay's company gave $100,000 to the President's party."

According to the Irish Times: "Mr McLarty was later hired by Mr Lay, who also played golf with Mr Clinton and slept in the Clinton White House. The Enron chief executive also advised the Clinton administration on energy policy."

According to CorpWatch: In Aug. 1993, McLarty arranged an invitation for Lay to play golf with Clinton in Vail, Colorado. This date irritated Oscar White, chief executive of Coastal, another natural gas company that had helped the Clinton election campaign raise funding.


Who is this person?

Gregory C. Simon - President and Chief Executive Officer - Simon Strategies/Mindbeam

From his web site for Simon Strategies/Mindbeam: He first joined Vice President Gore's staff as Legislative Director in March 1991, when the Vice President served in the Senate.

Prior to founding Simon Strategies/Mindbeam in 1997, Greg Simon was the Chief Domestic Policy Advisor to Vice President Al Gore. In that position, Greg was the Vice President's top advisor on economic, science and technology issues. He represented the Vice President in such policymaking bodies as the National Economic Council, the Domestic Policy Council, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and numerous interagency task forces.

What is his Enron connection?

According to the AP: Former Al Gore adviser Greg Simon was one of the "star-studded lobbying team in Washington" that "Enron and its affiliates reported spending about $1 million in the first half of 2001 on".

According to The Montana World Trade Center: An influential private consultant, Greg provides advice and counsel to leading companies such as Broadband, Earthlink and ENRON. His expertise lies in emerging trends in information technology, biotechnology, media, education and telecommunications. As chief domestic policy advisor to Al Gore, he was a representative to the National Economic Council, the Domestic Policy Council, and The Office of Science and Technology Policy.


Who is this person?

The man in the center is Johnny Hayes.

According to Clinton's web site: "Hayes is currently the State of Tennessee's Commissioner for Economic and Community Development. Before entering public life, he was President of Newman, Hayes & Dixon, an independent insuance agency that he had helped to found. In addition, Hayes was appointed to the Democratic National Committee in 1985, and has been active in the House, Senate, and Presidential campaigns of Vice President Gore"

According to a Tennessee Tennessee Technological University press release: Johnny Hayes serves in the country's political spotlight as Vice President Al Gore's national finance chairman for the Gore 2000 presidential campaign. He began serving on the TVA Board of Directors in 1993 following his appointment by President Bill Clinton.

What is his Enron connection?

According to MSNBC: "Records show Enron paid large sums to enlist the lobbying aid of former Tennessee Valley Authority Director Johnny Hayes and another Tennessee friend of former Vice President Al Gore."

"Enron paid $200,000 to Sideview Partners Inc., a company headed by Mr. Hayes, for lobby work involving TVA earlier this year, according to Mr. Hayes' midyear 2001 lobby activities report."

"Mr. Hayes' lobbying work occurred more than a year after he left the board of TVA, a federal utility, and did not violate any TVA policies."


Who is this person?

According to The Center for Responsive Politics: Charles Bone, TN (Wyatt, Tarrant & Combs) was on a list of fund-raisers for Vice President Al Gore's presidential effort that gave at least $100,000.

According to CNN: The Gore connection may also have figured in the TVA's plunge into the world of venture capital. In 1996 the agency invested $2 million to help get a new firm called Commerce Capital off the ground. Two other companies with ties to Gore were also investors in the Nashville-based outfit--and thus stood to benefit from the TVA's infusion of money. One was Insouth Bank, which was represented by Charles Bone, Hayes' personal lawyer, who has raised at least $100,000 for Gore's current campaign. Another investor was hospital-management giant Columbia/HCA, whose chairman at the time was Clayton McWhorter, an old Gore friend and supporter. The company gave $50,000 to the Democratic Party in 1996.

According to the Wyatt, Tarrant & Combs web site: They note Charles Bone was active in supporting Al Gore.

According to the Nashville Business Journal: Another Wyatt, Tarrant & Combs attorney working on the Dover Downs account is Charles Bone, a close friend of Vice President Al Gore and one of Tennessee's most-well-connected Democrats. He was once described by Mayor Phil Bredesen, a fellow Democrat, as "one of the state's best political fund-raisers and advice-givers."

According to USA TODAY: Charles Bone was Al Gore's first fundraiser and supported him during his first run for office in Tennessee.

According to the Washington Post: On 9/27/95 Charles Bone was on the White House coffee list of democratic supporters.

What is his Enron connection?

According to MSNBC: "Enron also paid $500,000 to the Nashville law firm of Wyatt, Tarrant & Combs, where another longtime Gore friend and fund-raiser, Charles Bone, works, according to Mr. Bone's midyear disclosure. Mr. Bone reported he lobbied both TVA and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Enron's behalf."

"The $500,000 paid to Mr. Bone's law firm appeared to be the highest among all the lobby contracts Enron reported for the first half of 2001. Last year, Enron spent about $2.1 million on lobbying, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, a watchdog group."


Who is this person?

According to The Center for Public Integrity: John M. "Jack" Quinn is a longtime political associate of Al Gore. Quinn provided legal help to Gore's 1988 presidential campaign. After Roy Neel left the White House, Gore tapped Quinn to be his chief of staff, where starting in July 1993 Quinn oversaw Gore's large policy portfolio, including telecommunications, and his political duties. Quinn played a small role in the Clinton campaign-finance scandals. He was Gore's top aide when the vice president made dozens of Democratic Party fund-raising calls from his West Wing office, prompting Gore's statement that there was "no controlling legal authority" applying to White House officials making calls on government property. Quinn also placed a number of calls to fund-raisers from the White House.

In an interview with the Washington Post, Quinn described one of his duties as "vetter of last resort," making sure that fund-raising was conducted within legal bounds. He's appeared on television as a Gore surrogate and has helped with debate preparation. He's likely to be up for a top post-perhaps chief of staff again -- if Gore is elected.

Quinn, who became Clinton's counsel after leaving Gore's staff, left the White House in 1997 to return to the high-powered Arnold & Porter law firm. He acquired a roster of clients with business before the government, including telecommunications and technology companies facing antitrust scrutiny: SBC Communications, Bell Atlantic, Intel and Viacom. Quinn is a close friend of William Baer, an Arnold & Porter colleague, who last fall left the Federal Trade Commission as head of its antitrust bureau.

Quinn is prohibited from lobbying the White House until 2002, and he has noted on his lobbying disclosure firm that he has not lobbied the White House. Still, clients value his knowledge of the inner workings of the administration, and associates at the firm are not bound by federal ethics rules. In many cases, Quinn has been hired by clients whose interests conflict with administration policy. Together with Republican Ed Gillespie, he represented the Americans for Computer Privacy, a coalition of computer companies that persuaded the administration to relax its longstanding policy on the export of encryption technology. His lobbying records show that his law firm associates lobbied the White House on the issue, and that he lobbied the Justice, Commerce, and Defense departments, and the National Security Agency. He also represented a coalition of manufacturers that was seeking to make it harder for consumers to sue over defective products -- a proposal that has run headlong into opposition from the trial lawyers, a key Democratic constituency. Quinn and Gillespie recently formed a new lobbying shop, Quinn-Gillespie Associates.

According to Forbes.com: Marc Rich was represented by Jack Quinn, former chief of staff to Vice President Al Gore.

According to CNN: Former White House counsel Jack Quinn, represented Rich, presented a "pardon package" to the White House. Quinn replaced Roy Neel as the vice president's chief of staff in 1993. He later left Gore's staff to become White House counsel, where he became embroiled in some of the Clinton administration's first-term troubles, including Filegate and Travelgate. Before coming to the White House, Quinn worked for 17 years as a lawyer with Arnold & Porter. He rejoined the same firm in 1997 after he left the White House but retains close ties to Gore.

What is his Enron connection?

According to The Center for Public Integrity: Jack Quinn, former White House counsel to former President Clinton is a lobbyist for Enron.

According to MSNBC: Also registered to lobby on behalf of Enron this year was former Vice President Gore's former chief of staff, Jack Quinn. Disclosure reports for the first half of 2001 indicate Mr. Quinn's lobbying firm, Quinn, Gillespie & Associates, was paid $10,000.


Who is this person?

According to the Washington Post: Elizabeth Moler was appointed by Bill Clinton to be chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

According to AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies: Elizabeth A. Moler is a partner in the Energy Practice Department at Vinson & Elkins and cochair of the firm's electric power practice. Before joining Vinson & Elkins, she was deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy, a member and later chair of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and senior counsel for the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Ms. Moler is a member of the District of Columbia Bar Association, the American Bar Association, the board of directors of Unicom Corporation, and the board of directors of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation. Her numerous honors include the National Energy Resources Organization's Distinguished Service Award (1996) and the Women's Council on Energy and the Environment's Woman of the Year Award (1996 and 1998).

According to testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee: The Clinton Administration Chinagate coverup was exposed in testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee. Notra Trulock, the Energy Departments former Director of Intelligence, who had first briefed Berger in April 1996, testified that he was prepared to brief members of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees as late as July 1998, but was denied permission to do so by Acting Energy Secretary Elizabeth Moler, a political appointee. Moler reportedly ordered Trulock not to conduct the briefing because she said the information would be used to hurt Clinton's China policy. Senator James M. Inhofe said, "When Moler refuted this testimony and claimed she did not recall gagging Mr. Trulock in this way, I asked both officials if they would voluntarily submit to a polygraph test. Both agreed at the hearing, but when pressed several weeks later, only Trulock was readily willing to cooperate and go through with taking the test. As a result, it is obvious to me that Trulock was telling the truth and Moler was not, confirming rather conclusively that there was indeed a politically-inspired coverup."

What is her Enron connection?

According to The Center for Public Integrity: Energy Regulatory Commission Chairwoman Elizabeth "Betsy" Moler is is a lobbyist for Enron.


Who is this person?

The person on the left is Linda L. Robertson

According to the Department of State: Robertson was sworn in as Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs and Public Liaison at the Clinton Treasury Department on June 14, 1995.

In this position, Ms. Robertson advises the Secretary and all sub-Cabinet officers on Congressional relations policy. She is the principal contact and coordinator at Treasury for Congress and for Congressional relations activities at the White House and other departments. As Manager of the Office of Public Liaison, she advises the Secretary on all departmental relations with businesses, trade associations, non-profit organizations, state and local elected officials, and the general public.

Prior to joining Treasury, she was a partner with the law firm of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer and Murphy in Washington, DC, where she specialized in energy, policy, and tax legislation.

According to Bill Clinton's web site: On May 24, 1995 Clinton nominated Linda L. Robertson. Ms. Robertson has been serving as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs (Tax and Budget) since January 1993. In that role, she has been responsible for the Treasury Department's legislative activities relating to tax and budget issues. Prior to joining Treasury, she was a partner with the law firm of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer and Murphy in Washington, D.C. Ms. Robertson served on the staff of Representative James Jones from 1976 until 1987, as Staff Counsel and later Tax Counsel, handling all tax legislation before the Committee on Ways and Means.

What is her Enron connection?

According to Roll Call: Enron Corp., the Texas-based energy conglomerate, hired Linda Robertson, a former senior Treasury Department official in the Clinton administration, as its head of government affairs earlier this year.

According to The Center for Public Integrity: Linda Robertson, a democrat, was hired by Enron to lobby on Capitol Hill.

According to The Hindu: Mr. Lay courted Ms. Linda Robertson, a senior Treasury official who was the department's liaison with Congress.


Who is this person?

Former Louisiana Democratic Sen. J. Bennett Johnston

From the U.S. Senate web site: Elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate, November 7, 1972, for the term commencing January 3, 1973; subsequently appointed by the Governor to complete the unexpired term caused by the death of Allen J. Ellender, for the term ending January 3, 1973, left vacant by the resignation of Elaine S. Edwards; reelected in 1978, 1984, and again in 1990 and served from November 14, 1972 to January 3, 1997; not a candidate for reelection in 1996; chairman, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (Ninety-fourth Congress), Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (One Hundredth through One Hundred Third Congresses); engaged in the consulting and development businesses.

Obviously a lifelong Democrat.

What is his Enron connection?

According to The Hartford Courant: Former Louisiana Democratic Sen. J. Bennett Johnston was one of the "Washington all-star team of lobbyists" hired by Enron.

According to the AP: Ex-Democratic Louisiana Sen. J. Bennett Johnston was one of the "star-studded lobbying team in Washington" that "Enron and its affiliates reported spending about $1 million in the first half of 2001 on".

Enron's current legal team


Who is this person?

W. Neil Eggleston

According to the Howrey Simon Arnold & White, LLP web site: Mr. Eggleston joined the firm as a partner in 1988 and remained at Howrey until 1993, when he accepted a position in the Clinton White House as Associate Counsel to Clinton. He returned to Howrey in 1994. He practices principally in the areas of defense of government investigations and government enforcement actions, including grand jury investigations, trials, appeals, civil and administrative actions, and suspension and debarment. He is Co-Chair of the firms White Collar Criminal Defense Group.

LIUNAs Appellate Officer, W. Neil Eggleston, the person that hears all internal reform effort appeals and makes final decisions on members and bosses fate, is also tainted by several glaring conflicts of interest. Like Luskin, several Eggleston clients are wrapped up in this Adminstrations scandals, but unlike Luskin one Eggleston client is Bill Clinton himself. Eggleston is Clintons lead attorney for executive privilege matters. Eggleston argued Clintons case for executive privilege before the Supreme Court in the summer of 1998. See: David Stout, Clinton Lawyer Appeals Ruling on Privilege, N.Y. Times Aug. 22, 1998.

Eggleston is also U.S. Labor Secretary Alexis H. Hermans lead attorney for combating Hermans independent counsel. Herman is in trouble over alleged illegal campaign contributions to the Democratic National Committee and seeking to benefit a company in which she had a financial interest while working at the White House. See: Deborah Billings, Independent Counsel Investigating Herman Plans to Act Quickly in Fairness to Secretary, BNA: Daily Labor Report May 29, 1998.

Eggleston has three other connections to the Clinton Adminstration. Eggleston served as Associate Counsel to the President from 1993-94. Also according to testimony before the U.S. House Government Reform and Oversight Committee on November 6-7, 1997, Cheryl D. Mills, Deputy Counsel to the President and Dimitri Nionakis, Associate Counsel to the President, were.are both clients of Eggleston.

Eggleston connections to the scandal-ridden Clinton Adminstration are troubling due to the nexus between Arthur A. Coia and Bill Clinton as detailed by Eugene Methvin, John Mulligan and Byron York (cited above). Egglestons representation of Clinton, Herman and the others, furthers the argument that the LIUNA internal reform effort is not independent.

What is his Enron connection?

According to the N.Y. Post: Neil Eggleston, a former White House associate counsel under Clinton, represents Enron's outside directors.


Who is this person?

Left: David Boies rose to fame prosecuting Microsoft Corp. on behalf of the U.S. government and auction houses Christie's and Sotheby's on behalf of 130,000 plaintiffs. He represented Al Gore in his battle to become president when the Florida vote tally was in question and defended Napster against copyright infringement claims. He said that he is involved with the case because of Fastow's long-standing relationship with another attorney at the firm.

Right: Enron Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow

What is his Enron connection?

According to Reuters: A mute former Enron Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow appeared at a packed news conference along with top litigator David Boies, after being out of sight for the past several weeks.

According to the N.Y. Post: David Boies, Al Gore's lead lawyer in the Florida recount, is repping former Enron CFO Andrew Fastow.

Who is this person?


"Clinton's fast-talking lawyer in the (dismissed, then settled) Paula Jones sexual harassment case, Bennett is a $475-per-hour Washington superlawyer and power broker." (Source: Time Magazine)

What is his Enron connection?

According to the N.Y. Post: Enron's lead Washington lawyer is Robert Bennett, who represented Clinton in the Paula Jones case.

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